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    COMMUNICABLE DISEASE CHART AND NOTES

    LICE - Lice are parasitic insects that can be found on people's heads and bodies.

    PINWORMS - A pinworm (“threadworm”) is a small, thin, white roundworm (nematode) called Enterobius vermicularisthat sometimes lives in the colon and rectum of humans. Pinworms are about the length of a staple. While an infected person sleeps, female pinworms leave the intestine through the anus and deposit their eggs on the surrounding skin.

    SCABIES - Human scabies is caused by an infestation of the skin by the human itch mite.

    PINK EYE - People often call conjunctivitis “pink eye” because it can cause the white of the eye to take on a pink or red color. Symptoms of pink eye can vary but typically include redness or swelling of the white of the eye.

    STOMACH VIRUS - Norovirus is a very contagious virus that causes vomiting and diarrhea. Anyone can get infected and sick with norovirus

    INFLUENZA - Influenza (FLU) is a contagious respiratory illness with mild to severe symptoms that may result in hospitalization or death.

    HAND, FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE - Hand, foot, and mouth disease is a common viral illness that usually affects infants and children younger than 5 years old. However, it can sometimes occur in older children and adults. Typical symptoms of hand, foot, and mouth disease include fever, mouth sores, and a skin rash.

    STREP THROAT - Bacteria called group A Streptococcus (group A strep) can cause many different infections. Some of these are common, relatively minor infections, like strep throat. Others are less common, but very serious and even deadly. People can easily spread group A strep to other people. Practicing good hygiene, like washing your hands often, is the best way to protect yourself from group A strep infections.

    RSV - Respiratory syncytial (sin-SISH-uhl) virus, or RSV, is a common respiratory virus that usually causes mild, cold-like symptoms. Most people recover in a week or two, but RSV can be serious, especially for infants and older adults. In fact, RSV is the most common cause of bronchiolitis (inflammation of the small airways in the lung) and pneumonia (infection of the lungs) in children younger than 1 year of age in the United States.

    FIFTH DISEASE - Fifth disease is a mild rash illness caused by parvovirus B19. It is more common in children than adults. A person usually gets sick with fifth disease within four to 14 days after getting infected with parvovirus B19.